In general, hypertonia is usually caused by an insult to the brain, spinal cord, or nervous system. Trauma to the baby’s head, strokes, brain tumors, toxins, neurodegeneration, such as Parkinson’s disease, and neurodevelopmental abnormalities, such as cerebral palsy, can cause hypertonia.
Can babies outgrow hypertonia?
Hypertonia is a lifelong condition that can improve over time with treatment. Treatment aims to reduce symptoms and improve muscle function. The timeline as to when you’ll feel better is dependent on the cause and severity of your diagnosis.
How do I know if my baby has hypertonia?
Identifying Hypertonia in Your Baby
- Too much tension in the muscles while the baby is at rest.
- Rigid limbs and neck.
- Difficulty bending and stretching the arms, legs and neck.
- Very little or no movement of the limbs and neck.
What is hypertonia caused by?
Hypertonia can be caused by injury to the central nervous system or spinal cord causing disturbances in the nerve pathways that are responsible for muscle tone. Symptoms of hypertonia include loss of function, decreased range of movement, deformity and muscle stiffness.
What is the most common cause of hypotonia in infants?
The most common central cause of hypotonia is cerebral palsy or hypoxic encephalopathy in the young infant. However, this dysfunction may progress in later infancy to hypertonia.
Can a child with hypertonia walk?
Hypertonia is increased muscle tone, and lack of flexibility. Children with Hypertonia make stiff movements and have poor balance. They may have difficulty feeding, pulling, walking, or reaching.
How can I relieve my baby’s stiffness?
Massage and yoga can both improve muscle length and flexibility, says Girolami. Botulinum toxin (commonly known by the brand name Botox), which temporarily paralyzes muscles, can also be helpful. It’s used in children as young as 18 months. The toxin is injected directly into a child’s muscle, such as a hamstring.
Can hypertonia be fixed?
Treatment for hypertonia usually consists of different types of muscle relaxant medications and continuous physical therapy. The three most popular medications used to treat the condition are Baclofen, Diazepam, and Dantrolene. Some patients use special injections to directly treat an affected muscle.
Do babies with hypotonia walk?
Will my child ever walk? Although some severe cases of hypotonia confine people to wheelchairs for their entire life, the majority of kids learn to walk. It will simply be on their own schedule.
Is hypertonia a disability?
How Does the Disability Tax Credit Work? Hypotonia, due to its impact on a person’s ability to perform everyday activities, is classified as a disability by the Canadian government.
Does high muscle tone always mean cerebral palsy?
However, high muscle tone is not always indicative of cerebral palsy. Hypertonia can be the result of any sort of damage to the central nervous system (the brain or spinal cord) such as a spinal cord injury, stroke, or traumatic brain injury.
How can I reduce hypertonia?
Treatment interventions for upper limb hypertonicity include stretching, splinting, strengthening of antagonist muscles, oral medications, and focal injections (phenol or botulinum toxins). Intrathecal baclofen may also impact upper limb tone.
Is hypotonia a form of cerebral palsy?
Hypotonic Cerebral Palsy FAQs
Hypotonic is a type of cerebral palsy caused by damage to the cerebellum of the brain during childbirth. This brain damage can result in floppy muscles, excessive flexibility, issues with stability, and developmental delays.
How do babies get hypotonia?
Causes of hypotonia include: Brain damage or problems with how your baby’s brain formed during fetal development. Conditions that affect how nerves communicate with muscles. Conditions that affect muscles.
How do you fix hypotonia?
Physical therapy can improve motor control and overall body strength. Occupational therapy can help relearn ways to address activities of daily living. Speech-language therapy can help breathing, speech, and swallowing difficulties. Therapy for infants and young children may also include sensory stimulation programs.
Can hypotonia be cured?
There is no cure for hypotonia, but it can be managed
But through intervention like physical therapy and bracing, he can gain stability, confidence, and new skills.