In rare cases, central infant sleep apnea may be hereditary. And like adult obstructive sleep apnea, underlying risk factors for obstructive infant sleep apnea, such as a small airway, may be tied to genetics.
How common is sleep apnea in babies?
The prevalence in infants is still unknown, but between one and five percent of all children have sleep apnea. When detected early, sleep apnea can be treated to prevent other long-term complications.
What causes sleep apnea in newborns?
There are many reasons why a baby may have periods of apnea including brain immaturity (Apnea of Prematurity), neurological issues, heart disease, gastrointestinal issues, infectious causes and genetic issues. In some cases, we cannot find a reason for the apnea. Normally, the brain controls breathing automatically.
How do they test a baby for sleep apnea?
Polysomnogram. Doctors evaluate your child’s condition during an overnight sleep study. This test uses sensors applied to the body to record brain wave activity, breathing patterns, snoring, oxygen levels, heart rate and muscle activity while your child sleeps.
How do I know if my infant has sleep apnea?
If your infant has sleep apnea they may:
- Have prolonged pauses in breathing that last 20 seconds or longer.
- Have patterns of repeated pauses in breathing that last less than 20 seconds.
- Have related problems such as low oxygen or a slow heartbeat.
- Have needed resuscitation or other urgent care.
Is SIDS caused by sleep apnea?
Objectives: Familial aggregation of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been shown to be associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and apparent life-threatening events (ALTE) in infants.
Does a pacifier help with sleep apnea?
The results show that the use of pacifiers improves the respiratory capacity of children that suffer from nocturnal apneas at night.
Why is SIDS risk higher at 2 months?
Most SIDS deaths happen in babies between 1 and 4 months old, and cases rise during cold weather. Babies might have a higher risk of SIDS if: their mother smoked, drank, or used drugs during pregnancy and after birth. their mother had poor prenatal care.
Can reflux cause apnea in infants?
Gastroesophageal reflux and apnea of prematurity are both common occurrences in premature infants. However, a causal relationship between the two remains controversial. Strong physiologic evidence indicates that a variety of protective reflex responses may elicit laryngeal adduction and apnea.
Can a child have sleep apnea and not snore?
Symptoms of sleep apnea don’t only occur at night, though. If your child has a restless night’s sleep because of this disorder, daytime symptoms can include fatigue, falling asleep, and difficulty waking in the morning. Infants and young children who have sleep apnea may not snore, especially those with central apnea.
When do premature babies grow out of apnea?
Apnea of prematurity may not have a cause other than your baby’s having an immature central nervous system. Many premature babies will “outgrow” apnea of prematurity by the time they reach the date that would have been the 36th week of pregnancy.