Which is the highest risk period for a mother and her newborn?

Mothers and their newborn babies are at highest risk of dying during the early neonatal period, especially in the first 24 hours following birth and over the first seven days after delivery (see Table 1.1).

Which time period is important for postnatal care?

The postnatal period – defined here as the first six weeks after birth – is critical to the health and survival of a mother and her newborn. The most vulnerable time for both is during the hours and days after birth.

What are 5 needs that a mother has during the postnatal period?

The care includes the prevention, early detection and treatment of complications, and the provision of counselling on breastfeeding, birth spacing, immunization and maternal nutrition. To standardise the PNC service, you are advised to use the screening, counselling and postnatal care cards.

What is postnatal follow up?

The postnatal period is the time from when the baby is born until six weeks after the birth. In Norway, parents and babies are entitled to follow-up care (postnatal care) after the birth.

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What is PNC in pregnancy?

Background. Access to antenatal care (ANC) and postnatal care (PNC) services has a great deal of impacts on major causes of infant death and significantly affects trends of mortality in a population.

What are the risks involved in child delivery?

What are some common complications during labor and delivery?

  • Labor that does not progress. …
  • Perineal tears. …
  • Problems with the umbilical cord. …
  • Abnormal heart rate of the baby. …
  • Water breaking early. …
  • Perinatal asphyxia. …
  • Shoulder dystocia. …
  • Excessive bleeding.

Why do they say 40 days after birth?

Staying home to relax with your baby for a set amount of time—in most cultures, it’s 30 to 40 days—allows your body time to recover (which they believe means a healthier body now and for decades to come).

What is lochia and types?

What are the three types of lochia and lochia stages? ‘Lochia rubra, lochia alba and lochia serosa are the three different stages of lochia following birth,’ says Mr Downes. ‘These are the recognised types of lochia, but each woman is an individual and some stages of lochia may be shorter, or longer, than others.

What are the postnatal needs of the mother?

Women in the postnatal period need to maintain a balanced diet, just as they did during pregnancy. Iron and folic acid supplementation should also continue for 3 months after birth. Women who are breastfeeding require additional food and should drink sufficient clean water.

What situation is most likely to require delivery by cesarean section?

A C-section might be needed if you’re carrying twins and the leading baby is in an abnormal position or if you have triplets or more babies. There’s a problem with your placenta. If the placenta covers the opening of your cervix (placenta previa), a C-section is recommended for delivery.

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What is natal period?

The postpartum (or postnatal) period begins immediately after childbirth as the mother’s body, including hormone levels and uterus size, returns to a non-pregnant state. The terms puerperium, puerperal period, or immediate postpartum period are commonly used to refer to the first six weeks following childbirth.

When does neonatal period occur?

The neonatal period is the first 4 weeks of a child’s life. It is a time when changes are very rapid. Many critical events can occur in this period: Feeding patterns are established.

When is the prenatal period?

Prenatal development is the process that occurs during the 40 weeks prior to the birth of a child. During each prenatal stage, environmental factors affect the development of the fetus.

What is GA in ultrasound?

Abstract. Objective: Accurate gestational-age (GA) estimation, preferably by ultrasound measurement of fetal crown-rump length before 14 weeks’ gestation, is an important component of high-quality antenatal care.

How can you prevent birth defects?

Commit to Healthy Choices to Help Prevent Birth Defects

  1. Plan ahead. Get 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid every day. …
  2. Avoid harmful substances. Avoid alcohol at any time during pregnancy. …
  3. Choose a healthy lifestyle. Keep diabetes under control. …
  4. Talk with your healthcare provider.