All convicts, including children were expected to work. If they behaved badly, their youth did not protect them from being punished as harshly as adult convicts. Some child convicts went on to learn a trade, gain their freedom and live successful lives.
What was life like for child convicts in Australia?
They imposed harsh penalties for even minor crimes like theft and being a child did not protect you from the harsh punishments. In fact, children as young as seven were treated the same as adults in the courts. They were thrown in jail, transported beyond the seas, or worse still hanged.
What crimes did child convicts commit?
10 common crimes committed by convicts
- Petty theft. By far the most common crime that led to transportation was petty theft or larceny. …
- Burglary or housebreaking. …
- Highway robbery. …
- Stealing clothing. …
- Stealing animals. …
- Military offences. …
- Prostitution. …
- Crimes of deception.
What did convicts do in Australia?
Many were skilled carpenters, blacksmiths or cobblers (shoemakers). , convicts worked to turn large wooden logs into smaller timber planks for buildings. They also made doors, window frames, shutters and roof shingles. Down at the edge of Sydney Harbour, convicts built boats and made rope and sails for ships.
How old was the youngest convict sent to Australia?
John Hudson, described as ‘sometimes a chimney sweeper’, was the youngest known convict to sail with the First Fleet. Voyaging on board the Friendship to NSW, the boy thief was 13 years old on arrival at Sydney Cove. He was only nine when first sentenced.
What did convicts do in their free time?
Convicts played cards or games like chess or draughts that required different sorts of tokens, many of which were handmade. These might have been carved from animal bones (perhaps saved from dinner) or pieces of ceramic and wood they found, or cast in lead.
Who was the youngest girl convict on the First Fleet?
Elizabeth Hayward. was the youngest female convict, at 13, on the First Fleet. She received seven years transportation at the Old Bailey in January 1787, for being accused of stealing clothes from the clog maker she was working for.
What punishments did the convicts get?
Throughout the convict era, ‘flogging’ (whipping) convicts with a cat-o’-nine-tails was a common punishment for convicts who broke the rules. In Australia today, flogging a prisoner with a whip or keeping them locked in a dark cell for a long period of time is not an acceptable form of punishment.
What did child convicts wear?
Like the men, boys would also have a neckerchief. There were 50 children aboard the Morley Convict Ship in 1820. A list of the clothing shows that male children had a blue jacket made from Kersey cloth, a waistcoat, trousers, three shirts, two pairs of stockings, a woollen cap, a neckerchief and a pair of shoes.
What jobs did child convicts do?
The majority of convict or orphaned boys aged between 9 and 18 worked as labourers and herdsmen assigned to settlers, as they were usually too small for the rough work of clearing the land, quarrying stone and building roads.
Who was the most famous convict?
Top Five Famous Convicts transported to Australia
- Francis Greenway. Francis Greenway arrived in Sydney in 1814. …
- Mary Wade. The youngest ever convict to be transported to Australia at the age of 11. …
- John ‘Red’ Kelly. …
- Mary Bryant. …
- Frank the Poet.
What impact did the First Fleet have on Australia?
What effect did the First Fleet have on Australia’s first peoples? The arrival of the First Fleet immediately affected the Eora nation, the traditional Aboriginal owners of the Sydney area. Violence between settlers and the Eora people started as soon as the colony was set up.
Who was the oldest convict?
Dorothy Handland (born Dorothy Coolley; c. 1705/26 -) was perhaps the oldest convict transported on the First Fleet.
|Criminal penalty||7 years transportation|
|Spouse(s)||Robert Grey John Hanland|
How many female convicts were sent to Australia?
It’s estimated that 164,000 convicts were shipped to Australia between 1788 and 1868 under the British government’s new Transportation Act — a humane alternative to the death penalty. Approximately 25,000 of these convicts were women, charged with petty crimes such as stealing bread.
Were all criminals sent to Australia?
Hundreds of thousands of convicts were transported from Britain and Ireland to Australia between 1787 and 1868. Today, it’s estimated that 20% of the Australian population are descended from people originally transported as convicts, while around 2 million Britons have transported convict ancestry.